Bitter Gourd, although bitter in it’s natural form, are used to prepare various Indian dishes. Some people even consume the juice made from Bitter gourd for its medicinal value, since it contain rich sources of Protein, Vitamins and Minerals. Bitter Gourd helps in controlling diabetes, treating piles, purifying the blood, curing constipation and improving the immune system of the body.
Bitter Gourd is one of the most popular vegetable in India. It is grown extensively throughout India; the bitter gourd has good medicinal value as well. Varieties of Bitter Gourd Cultivated in India- Co 1, MDU 1, COBgoH 1 (Hybrid), ArkaHarit, Priya and Preethi are mainly cultivated. Climate of Bitter Gourd Farming – Mainly a warm season plant, bitter gourd thrives in hot and humid climates. Best Soil for Bitter Gourd Farming – The best medium for the seeds is a fertile, welldrained soil with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 6.7, enriched with organic matter, such as compost or dried manure.
But it will tolerate any soil that provide a good drainage system (sandy loam soil, but it will grow in areas with poorer soils.) It should be in a frost-free area and will prefer the climate with daytime temperatures between 24 C and 35 C. The soil must be prepared well by adding organic matter before planting. Seeds soaked in water will germinate sooner. Soil temperature for germination is at least 20 C to 25 C.
Some of the health benefits of Bitter gourd are given below.
- Helps in maintaining blood sugar levels.
- Helps in lowering the bad cholesterol levels in the body.
- Bitter gourd juice has powerful anti-oxidants along with vitamin A and C which prevent premature skin ageing and diminishes wrinkles.
- Cures hangovers and cleanses the liver.
- Helps in weight loss.
- Boosts your immune system.
- Great for your eyes.